One of the most influential functionalists was Talcott parson whose understanding of the family was that it provides the primary socialisation of children, which means to teach the culture of society to the child. More essays like this: Much emphasis is put upon the division of labour within the family group.
Murdoch went on further to say that like sex, the economic function of the family is more readily achieved by persons living together. It Functionalist theory family essay felt that he had a more general view of the family group, he felt that Americans family retains two basic irreducible functions, which are common to the family in all societies.
Functionalist theory family essay the ever-increasing divorce rates, It may be said that by functionalist standards. This gives emotional support to the family group, as it does not have the emotional support from extended family.
All these deviations from the functionalist norm are not taken into account, as Morgan states. Sociology, second edition by Giddensstates that functionalism is a theoretical perspective based on the notion that social events can be explained in functions they perform, that is the contribution they make to the continuity of society.
The functionalist point of view of the family structure was bound together by all aspects of the four main functions.
However Marxists such as Althusser and Poulantzas counter attack this theory stating that families are reproducing capitalists and socialising pro-capitalist ideology to the children saying that hierarchy and inequality are inevitable. Parsons said there were two basic processes involved in primary socialisation.
He felt that these were all linked.
As society is always changing, causes conflict, which is dysfunctional because it is destabilising. Once the personality had been stabilised it was possible for the next basic function to begin. With the ever-changing attitudes of the general public too lone parents, same gender relationships.
Parsons felt that families were essential for the purpose of creating human personalities. Also Marxists, feminists and new rights perspective will be taken into consideration. A Marxist feminist called Margaret Benston believed that the family provides the basic commodities for capitalism such as labour power in which women reproduce the next workforce with little cost to the capitalism class.
This can have vertical extensions, for example, older members of the family living in the same household. Primary socialisation refers to the early years of childhood and takes place mainly within the family, secondary socialisation takes place in later formative years, when outside influence are exerted such as peer groups and schools.
And that the aim to sustain stability and continuity are essential basic needs. The structures of the family varies from society to society, the smallest family group is the nuclear family, and consists of a husband and wife, and the immature offspringunits larger than the nuclear family are known as extended families, and can be seen as extensions of the nuclear family.
The functionalist theory is based on the view that all members are working towards the same goal, and all perceived society in the same way.
I intend to break this down by looking at the theorists separately and then looking at arguments against the functionalist family. The second basic function of the family is to put Functionalist theory family essay onus on marriage to stabilise the strains and stresses of life.
By doing this it will contain sexual activity, to the family group and prevent disruptive effects on social order, this then provides both control and expression of sexual drives. Our society is in a serious state of decline, the ideal view of the functionalist family has to change with the society, as many people now remarry.
Showing the male as the bread winner, and the wife as a homemaker and bearer of children. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
However a functionalist such as Murdock would reject Engels perspective because he believed that the functions of the family was to maintain sexual stability in society, provide society with new members, strengthen the bond between spouses and provide a division of labour and finally parents having the responsibilities to teach children social norms and way of life.
In summary the analysis of the perspective of the family has many theories which can be argued however all the structural perspectives have the functions to which they believe a family fulfils.
Murdoch explained this by saying that there were certain specialisations carried out in the family, he said that in hunting tribes. The male would catch and kill game, and his wife will cook and skin the game. Without sex and reproduction there would be no procreation, there would be no members of society to create an economy therefore not providing an economic function, for example, the provision and preparation of food, and without education there would be no culture.
Engels also mentioned that this ideology of inheritance of property has turned women into mere instruments for the production of children.More broadly, some feminists such as Oakley argues that Murdock and other functionalists neglects conflict and exploitation in a family (e.g.
domestic violence), many feminists also believe that within the family, women are serving the needs of men and they are oppressed, this suggest the family is not functional for women as argued by the.
- The Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives on the Family For the purpose of this essay question I will discuss the Marxist and the Functionalist perspectives on the Family. I will compare and contrast them and give a critical analysis of each and place them in historical context as well as modern day.
In this essay, I intend to analyse some of the theories behind the functionalist perspective of the family, it is my intention to look at two main theorists in this field, Murdock and Parsons.
I to analyse their theories and give objective argument for the pros and cons of the functionalist family. Evaluate the functionalist theory of the familyIn this essay, I intend to analyse some of the theories behind the functionalist perspective of the family, it is my intention to look at two main theorists in this field, Murdock and Parsons.
I to analyse 3/5(1). Essay about Functionalism Theory of Education; Functionalism and the Family Essay examples. words Using the material from the Item and elsewhere, assess the functionalist contribution to our understanding of the family.(24 marks) Functionalism is a structural theory as it examines social institutions e.g.
economy, education etc. Free Essay: ‘Assess the functionalist view of the family?’ Functionalist looks at society on a macro level. It is a consensus theory and structuralists.Download