Haig had the knowledge to know about the railway bringing communication to Germany from the rest of Europe and knew that taking it with the campaign would slow down the war effort in Germany. Another obstacle was a band of wet sand and blue clay, which would make digging a tunnel impossible.
Haig also needed a major breakthrough as part as the war of movement.
He decided to bleed the Germans to death with a long, hard and big campaign. The main road to Ypres from Poperinge to Vlamertinge is in a defile, easily observed from the ridge. Passchendaele essay much of the drainage had been destroyed, though some parts were restored by land drainage companies from England.
Help was on its way in the form Passchendaele essay the U. The general aspect south and east of Ypres, is one of low ridges and dips, gradually flattening northwards beyond Passchendaele, into a featureless plain.
On 30 April, Haig told Gough, the Fifth Army commander, that he would lead the Northern Operation and the coastal force, although Cabinet approval for the offensive was not granted until 21 June. In earlythe importance of the capture of the Gheluvelt plateau for an advance further north was emphasised by Haig and the army commanders.
The commanders agreed on a strategy of simultaneous attacks, to overwhelm the Central Powers on the WesternEastern and Italian fronts, by the first fortnight of February Hooge in World War I Minor operations took place in the Ypres salient insome being German initiatives to distract the Allies from the preparations for the offensive at Verdun and later attempts to divert Allied resources from the Battle of the Somme.
This also meant killing as many well trained enemy troops as possible.
The plan was welcomed by Haig but with some reservations, which he addressed on 6 January. The Germans were well dug in and it would need a major offensive to take this land.
Haig used massed tanks at the beginning of the battle at Pilcken but due to the poor weather conditions he could not continue with this tactic, as the tanks were useless. He needed another important victory on the way to the coast that would lift the morale of both the army and the government and civilians back in Britain.
These were impossible to dig at Passchendaele due to the weather conditions, which had previously brought extreme winters with heavy rain and very low temperatures.
In May, reinforcements began arriving to Flanders from the south; the II Corps headquarters and 17 divisions had arrived by the end of the month.
Pilckem Ridge deprived the British of ground observation over the Steenbeek Valley, while the Germans could see the area from Passchendaele Ridge, allowing German infantry to be supported by observed artillery-fire.
Even a partial success would improve the tactical situation in the Ypres salient, reducing wastage, which was exceptional, even in quiet periods. The Eingreif divisions were stationed behind the Menin and Passchendaele ridges.
He also knew that the Italian Gallipoli campaign had failed miserably and as part of the propaganda back in Britain, for the government as well as the civilians. One problem Haig had with this tactic was that the land Passchendaele essay very difficult to navigate.
He included this in his plans for the attack on Passchendaele so he could launch from the ridge further attacks such as the ones to capture the ports on the coast. With amendments the memorandum became the GHQ plan. The Germans on the ridge had observation over Ypres and unless it was captured, observed enfilade artillery-fire could be fired against a British attack from the salient further north.
Nivelle agreed to a proviso that if the first two parts of the operation failed to lead to a breakthrough, the operations would be stopped so that the British could move their forces north for the Flanders offensive, which Haig stressed was of great importance to the British government.Battle Of Passchendaele Essay Examples.
3 total results. An Introduction to the History of the Battle of Passchendaele. words. 1 page. An Introduction to the History of the Battle of Passchendaele during the World War One.
words. 2 pages. Below is an essay on "The Battle Of Passchendaele" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. The Battle of Passchendaele Christopher Chalkley.
On November 6th, our Canadian soldiers captured the Passchendaele ridge. They had to face many obstacles but they made it. Canadians take. Essay on The Battle of Passchendaele (The Third Battle of Ypres) Although the capture of Vimy Ridge in April had been a great success, the French offensive that it had been designed to support had been a failure.
We will write a custom essay sample on Any topic specifically for you For Only $/page order now To do this he would need to get through Passchendaele to push up North towards the ports. Oct 17, · Directed by Paul Gross. With Paul Gross, Michael Greyeyes, James Kot, Jesse Frechette.
The lives of a troubled veteran, his nurse girlfriend and a naive boy intersect first in Alberta and then in Belgium during the bloody World War I /10(K).Download