The expression of artificial feelings may become a form of lying if it is intentionally deceptive with regard to the nature of true feelings.
He may knowingly use the fallacious argument that the truthfulness of a statement is defined by the degree to which the statement pleases or satisfies people.
He may also be adept at acting as if he has no hidden motives that would cause people to question his truthfulness and veracity. The literary references are plentiful and well selected.
When the Trojan War has reached a stalemate, Odysseus devises the strategy of hiding a band of Greek soldiers inside a wooden horse. A false sense of direction may replace a true sense of direction.
He details a systematic framework for understanding the main moral perspectives and traditions concerning self-deception that have emerged in western philosophy.
A liar may intend to subvert the notion of truth and to discredit the idea that propositions can be meaningfully described as true or false. The truth or falsehood of some statements may not be capable of being verified by a particular person at a particular time in a particular situation.
The The morality of lies and deception essay Alfred J. He pretends to be insane in order to avoid being forced to leave his family, but his ruse is discovered by Palamedes, and he is forced to join the Greek army. The rules of the game may be fixed or variable, specified or unspecified, definite or indefinite, strict or flexible, depending on whatever game he happens to be playing.
The Greek soldiers who have been hiding inside the horse emerge that night and set fire to the city. Examples of artificiality include prostheses artificial limbs, artificial joints, artificial heart valves, breast prostheses, eye prostheses, artificial lensesimplants breast implants, penile implants, pacemakers, insulin pumps, or other prosthetic implantswigs, toupees, cosmetics, artificial fingernails, artificial suntans, artificial fabrics nylons, polyesters, acrylics, rayonsartificial fur, artificial leather, artificial jewelry, artificial food colorings, artificial sweeteners, artificial flavors, artificial plants, artificial grass or turf, artificial cigarettes, and artificial environments for film or theater productions, museum exhibits, entertainment venues, submarines, or space vehicles.
An artificial expression or false display of happiness and satisfaction may conceal real unhappiness and dissatisfaction. In other cases, he may not care whether all of his statements or actions deceive his intended victim.
Thus, he may have to comply with a given set of rules in order to win the game. A person who discovers that she has been the victim of a liar may try to expose his dishonesty by publicly denouncing him, by calling attention to the possible motives for his deceitfulness, by demonstrating that his statements are inconsistent and self-contradictory, or by giving him an opportunity to engage in more acts of lying so that his dishonesty can be more openly exposed.
It enriches our understanding of ourselves and others. If the liar sees himself as playing a game in which the primary goal is to deceive his intended victim, than he may to some extent be able to devise his own set of rules for communicating with that intended victim.
A liar may deny that a given statement is true, but he cannot logically deny the existence of truth and falsehood.
For example, a false sense of personal identity may replace a true sense of personal identity. Artificiality may represent a kind of falsehood. He disguises himself as a beggar in order to deceive the suitors who have invaded his palace and who have besieged his faithful wife Penelope with their demands that she marry one of them.
He defeats the suitors in a battle within the palace hall, and he is finally reunited with Penelope. A person who is exposed as a liar and who is therefore compelled to admit, deny, make amends for, or make light of his own dishonesty may claim that there were extenuating circumstances that accounted for his lack of forthrightness and straightforwardness.
The rules may also change if there is a change of players or a change in the setting of the game. Thus, a person who has been found to be lying may have to take various steps to restore her credibility.
It contains a distinctive view of what constitutes self-deception, and it explores moral issues raised by self-deception in more depth than any existing work. The appeal of this book is broad. The rules may be constitutive as well as regulative of the act of misrepresentation. However, a lie may have to comply with its own set of epistemic rules if it is be a successful act of deception.
She may have to make statements that can be easily verified as truthful, and the truthfulness of these statements may have to be recognized by others before she can regain her credibility.
It may be an act of conscience or lack of conscience, depending on the morality of the particular kind of lying. She may in some cases collaborate with the liar by refusing to take any steps to differentiate truth from falsehood.
He may also try to justify his deceitfulness by using the argument that his victim was not ready or willing to listen to the truth. A liar usually intends for his victim to have a false impression about something.
On the other hand, it may be very difficult for the intended victim of a liar to detect whether he is lying if she does not have sufficient familiarity with the subject about which he is attempting deceive her. Thus, it may be a subversive act. He may in some cases have to respond to a change in the rules, or he may be able to invent a new set of rules while he is playing the game.
He may try to justify his deceitfulness and dishonesty by denying that there is any difference between truth and falsehood. Or is it only wrong sometimes, such as when it has bad consequences? Some kinds of lying may be seen as socially acceptable, while other kinds may be seen as socially unacceptable.
The statements of a successful liar lack transparency in their expression of his motives and intentions.Deception is ruling our world today. Making people in today’s society is someone other than themselves.
Keeping our heads above all the deception that goes on will always help we to see and know. An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Deception and Telling Lies.
12 Pages Keywords: Lies, morality, economics of lies, Taxonomy, survival, evolution, information asymmetry. JEL Classification: A13, C70, D82, Z Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation. Mishra, Sudhanshu K., An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Deception.
The Morality of Lies and Deception - The Morality of Lies and Deception We lie all the time, lying is not something new to our culture. We lie to our parents, we lie to our friends, we even lie to our significant other, but why do we do it.
deception in morality and law lates his dignity as a human being.” 8 It follows that lying is an offense to all humanity and, most importantly, to the liar himself.
The Morality of Lies and Deception We lie all the time, lying is not something new to our culture. We lie to our parents, we lie to our friends, we.
Read this essay on Morality of Lying. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Morality: All the good things under the system of morality, Mill states, should be under personal interest. A lie is a false statement made to deliberately deceive the person, or persons to which it is told.
Lies and deception take.Download