The reasons why the battle of the somme in 1916 was a disaster for the british army

When, on September 29, the Hindenburg Line was broken open, it was ordinary soldiers from the heartland of Britain who led the way using skills they had picked up on the Somme.

Within the first hour the German defence inflicted unforeseen heavy casualties to the British attacking force, resulting in the British being unable to reach their objectives for the first day in most parts of the battlefront.

Battle of the Somme

In France, along the western front at a place called Somme. Rapid expansion created many vacancies for senior commands and specialist functions, which led to many appointments of retired officers and inexperienced newcomers. At the same time, recognising that they would be unable to win the war that year in the west, the Germans decided to suspend their attacks there.

By the time they launched their own counteroffensive on the Somme on August 8,the British and Imperial soldiers had become ruthlessly efficient, honed by repeated battles and the careful study of their mistakes and successes.

The German lines were compromised where the British and French attacked alongside each other. More than a million troops on both sides were killed or wounded without a real tactical or strategic gain. Morale was low and many German leaders believed the battle was lost.

Although the German defences at ground level had been smashed, many of the barbed wire defences remained. Conscription only began in Britain in but had been in place many years previously in France, meaning the French conscripts had usually some degree of military knowledge or training.

For many years those who led the British campaign have received a lot of criticism for the way the Battle of the Somme was fought — especially Douglas Haig. German artillery was organised in a series of Sperrfeuerstreifen barrage sectors ; each officer was expected to know the batteries covering his section of the front line and the batteries ready to engage fleeting targets.

To relieve the French, the Allied High Command decided to attack the Germans to the north of Verdun therefore requiring the Germans to move some of their men away from the Verdun battlefield thus relieving the French. The dreadful irony of the situation would be that within 14 months the ground won at such great cost to the British army in would be swept back under control of the German Army in the spring offensive of March and April Nothing provides a greater contrast in the history of the war than the abject failure in the north at Serre and the stirring achievements in the south at Montauban.

The Battle of the Somme started on July 1st Small groups did reach some of their objectives beyond the German frontline in places, but the overwhelming loss of thousands of British troops to injury and death within the first hour of the attack limited the possibility of supporting and reinforcing these gains by the end of that fateful day.

The Battle of the Somme: 141 days of horror

When did the Battle of the Somme begin and when did it end? In mid- February,German front-line troops began to fall towards their new positions. Only a few weeks later, when the BEF returned to the offensive, it showed how much it had learnt on the Somme.

Some looked as if they were praying; they had died on their knees and the wire had prevented their fall.

Why did the battle of the somme start? For a number of months the French had been taking severe losses at Verdun, east of Paris. When a more flexible policy was substituted later, decisions about withdrawal were still reserved to army commanders.

The Allied Generals must surely bear the brunt of all the guilt for one of the most futile losses of human life in History. This is, therefore, the first objective to be obtained by the combined British and French offensive.

The French Sixth Army, with one corps on the north bank from Maricourt to the Somme and two corps on the south bank southwards to Foucaucourt, would make a subsidiary attack to guard the right flank of the main attack being made by the British.

Along with thousands of lives, hope and innocence also seemed to die on the Somme in Basically, the French wanted the Germans to get off their land. Yet for historians it represents the beginning of a process of growth and development that reaches through to the end of the war and German defeat.

All for a good cause. Dugouts had been deepened from 6—9 feet 1. Simultaneous offensives on the Eastern Front by the Russian army, on the Italian Front by the Italian army, and on the Western Front by the Franco-British armies, were to be carried out to deny time for the Central Powers to move troops between fronts during lulls.

By then the Allies had won around seven miles of ground at a cost of thousands of casualties killed and wounded. British soldiers on the other hand were at a huge disadvantage and simply were not trained nor prepared for life on the battlefield.

The Battle Of The Somme came to a end, six miles of ground has been taken. Yet despite all this, for ordinary people the argument fails to convince.Battle of the Somme Essay - Download as .rtf), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.

Why Was 1st July A Disaster For The British Army? On the 1st july the British Army went into the Battle of the Somme. The battle ended on November 18th of the same year. The allied forces tried to break through the german defences and.

The Battle of the Somme July-Nov It was the worst military disaster for the British army in history. But was this fair?

Was it Haig’s poor planning that led to the disaster or were there other reasons? Why was the Battle of the Somme a disaster for the British army?

- Essay Plan. The first day of the Battle of the Somme, in northern France, was the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army and one of the most infamous days of World War One. On 1 July Why the Battle of the Somme was probably the worst ever British military disaster.

the ground won at such great cost to the British army in would be swept back under control of the German. The Battle of the Somme started on July 1st It lasted until November For many people, the Battle of the Somme was the battle that symbolised t. Explore. By the end of the battle, the British Army had sufferedcasualties including nearly 60, on the first day alone.

Reasons Why the Battle of the Somme is Regarded as Such a military Tradgedy Introduction ===== The battle of the Somme was a battle that took place in .

The reasons why the battle of the somme in 1916 was a disaster for the british army
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